Budget summary, autumn 2018
Income Tax Rates and Allowances (tables)
Income Tax Rates and Allowances (Table A)
|Personal Allowance (PA)*†||£12,500||£11,850|
|Blind Person's Allowance||2,450||2,390|
|Rent a room relief §||7,500||7,500|
|Trading income §||1,000||1,000|
|Property income §||1,000||1,000|
*PA will be withdrawn at £1 for every £2 by which 'adjusted income' exceeds £100,000. There will therefore be no allowance given if adjusted income is £125,000 or more (2018/19: £123,700).
†£1,250 of the PA (2018/19: £1,190) can be transferred to a spouse or civil partner who is no more than a basic rate taxpayer, where both spouses were born after 5 April 1935.
§ If gross income exceeds it, the limit may be deducted instead of actual expenses.
|Basic Rate Band (BRB)||£37,500||£34,500|
|Higher Rate Band (HRB)||37,501-150,000||34,501-150,000|
|Additional rate||over 150,000||over 150,000|
|Personal Savings Allowance (PSA)|
|- Basic rate taxpayer||1,000||1,000|
|- Higher rate taxpayer||500||500|
|Dividend Allowance (DA)||2,000||2,000|
BRB and additional rate threshold are increased by personal pension contributions (up to permitted limit) and Gift Aid donations.
|Tax Rates||2019/20 and 2018/19|
|Rates differ for General, Savings and Dividend income within each band:|
General income (salary, pensions, business profits, rent) usually uses personal allowance, basic rate and higher rate bands before savings income (interest). To the extent that savings income falls in the first £5,000 of the basic rate band, it is taxed at nil rather than 20%.
The PSA will tax interest at nil, where it would otherwise be taxable at 20% or 40%.
Dividends are normally taxed as the 'top slice' of income. The DA taxes the first £2,000 of dividend income at nil, rather than the rate that would otherwise apply.
High Income Child Benefit Charge (HICBC)
1% of child benefit for each £100 of adjusted net income between £50,000 and £60,000.
|Income Tax - Scotland 2018/19||Band||Rate|
|The 2019/20 tax rates and bands for Scottish Taxpayers have not yet been announced.|
|Basic Rate||2,001 - 12,150||20%|
|Intermediate Rate||12,151 - 31,580||21%|
|Higher Rate||31,581 - 150,000||41%|
|Top Rate||over 150,000||46%|
The Scottish rates and bands do not apply for savings and dividend income, which are taxed at normal UK rates.
The 2019/20 tax rates and bands for Scottish Taxpayers have not yet been announced.
|Remittance basis charge||2019/20||2018/19|
|For non-UK domiciled individuals who have been
UK resident in at least:
|7 of the preceding 9 tax years||£30,000||£30,000|
|12 of the preceding 14 tax years||60,000||60,000|
|15 of the preceding 20 tax years||Deemed to be UK domiciled for tax purposes|
Registered Pensions (Table B)
|Lifetime allowance (LA)||£1,055,000||£1,030,000|
|Annual allowance (AA)||40,000||40,000|
Annual relievable pension inputs are the higher of earnings (capped at AA) or £3,600.
The AA is usually reduced by £1 for every £2 by which relevant income exceeds £150,000, down to a minimum AA of £10,000. The AA can be reduced to £4,000, where certain pension drawings have been made.
Car and Fuel Benefits (Table C)
Taxable benefit: Chargeable value multiplied by chargeable percentage.
Chargeable value: Initial list price of car (including most accessories), reduced by any capital contribution (maximum £5,000) by employee when the car is first made available.
|CO2 emissions (g/km)||Petrol||Diesel|
|Above 94||Add 1% for every 5g/km|
|Above 164 (petrol)/144 (diesel)||37% maximum|
Where employer provides fuel for private motoring in an employer-owned car, CO2-based percentage from above table multiplied by £24,100 (2018/19 £23,400).
Employee contributions for fuel do not reduce taxable figure unless all private fuel is paid for by the employee (in which case there is no benefit charge).